1S5 November 24th- Lesson Notes

November 24th, 2014.

HW for Wednesday 26th

Read the text ‘Little Rock Nine Crisis’ + find vocab and be ready for teamwork!

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UNIT 2 – THE COLOR LINE

>> The role of women in the struggle for equality.

HW – CO. NPR Claudette Colvin, the other Rosa Parks.

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101719889

Claudette Colvin

  • She refused to give up her seat to a white passenger 9 months before Rosa Parks.

Compared to Rosa Parks?

  • They both challenged the segregation laws.
  • They were both African American women in Montgomery, Alabama in the South of the US.

BUT

  • Claudette Colvin was only 15 / a teenager whereas R. P was 26 / a young woman.
  • Rosa Parks is more famous than Claudette Colvin because Claudette Colvin got pregnant so the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) refused to use her image.

Inspired by?

  • She was inspired by Harriet Tubman (who was a runaway slave in the Underground Railway ) and Sojourner Truth who was a former slave and became an abolitionist. Both were women fighting for the Black cause / because they also stood up / fought for their rights.

Media strategies?

  • NAACP needed to choose a respectable woman as a symbol for their cause. They were manipulating / orchestrating their media strategy in order to be successful.

Segregation anecdote?

  • Black people couldn’t try on clothes because white people during segregation thought black people were not clean / pure. They assumed they were dirty.

Philip Hoose?

  • Philip Hoose is an American writer / historian who wanted to write about Claudette because:
  • he knew about segregation / he did some research
  • he wanted Claudette to become as famous as Rosa Parks

Conclusion?

  • It reveals that Rosa Parks wasn’t the only woman to refuse to give up her seat / who stood up for her rights. In fact there were many women who took part in the struggle for equality, some of them are ‘unsung’ or ‘unexpected’ (oubliées ou inattendues).

Whereas = tandis que

both: toutes les deuxScreen Shot 2014-11-16 at 21.48.53

CO – Correction / NPR – One of the Little Rock Nine Looks Back!

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14091050

Little Rock = city in Arkansas in the US.

Little Rock High School = former / previously white-only school.

The ‘Little Rock Nine’ = first 9 Black students to attend Little Rock High School in the town of Little Rock in Arkansas.

METHOD

1- KEY WORDS

  • infer the meaning from the title (inférence / devinette). What do you expect?
  • focus on stressed words

Type of doc & voices > report / interview 1 presenter / 1 reporter 1 governor 1 old woman

WHEN 1957 – September 4th – 50 years ago

WHERE Arkansas – high school

WHO Elizabeth – 65 – Black – White – governor – guard – demonstrators – 9 Black students

WHAT racial – segregation – integration – attend school – outside – turned away

2 – DETAILS

  • Get organized
  • Focus on more difficult words or info.

About Elizabeth? White clothes – sunglasses – outside … – nightmare

About the people? White students – governor – good order – peace in the community

About the context? Desegregation – recording – E’s account 50 years after the event

About the anecdote? Elizabeth was supposed to go with the group but there was confusion and she took a city bus alone so she was stopped / turned away by the guard and ‘subsequently followed by angry demonstrators’

3- COHERENCE AND MORE

  • reconstruct the chronology / logic of events

radio show > context given by presenter > Alex / journalist & reporter is going to talk about 1 of the 9 students > recording of Arkansas governor / bad quality > interview of Elizabeth > journalist’s comments

  • WHY ? HOW? WHAT FOR?
  • Find the people’s reactions > feelings / intentions

Elizabeth is moved / sad / it’s difficult for her to tell about what happened

The governor wanted peace but he sparkled an emergency situation. The guard was here to protect the Black students but in the end they turned Elizabeth away.

The radio show is celebration the 50 anniversary of this event, 50 years later in a special ‘desegregation series’.

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1S HW

Mexico 68 The Black Power Salute

Correction

The athletes wore no shoes, black sock, black scarves, black gloves and they raised their clenched fists. Their gesture was seen as the Black power salute, it was an offence to the American public at the time. They decided to raise their fists at the same time as the national anthem was playing and the American flag shown. They were standing on the victory stand for everyone to see them.

As a consequence they had to leave the Olympic village and Mexico. Their credentials were taken away from them.

They triggered mixed reactions. On one hand it was considered as a gesture for a worthy cause, people who agreed with their demonstration thought it was a great idea but on the other hand their enemies / their opponents and of course White supremacists saw this gesture as an offence and they were angry.

The journalist’s opinion is not revealed.

In the media the word ‘negro’ was in use, acceptable and politically. correct Today for the New York Times to publish an article with the word ‘negro’ would be considered illegal.

 

http://servicesaetn-a.akamaihd.net/pservice/embed-player/?siteId=bio&tPid=30323881

http://www.biography.com/people/rosa-parks-9433715/videos/rosa-parks-mini-biography-2078965885

Listen from 0’53 to 2’18

WHAT CHOICE?

WHEN?

WHEN?

WHAT HAPPENED THEN?
TO HER?
FOR HER?

WHAT WAS SHE PREPARED TO DO?

HOW MANY PEOPLE?

FOR HOW LONG?

LEADER?

TSTMG Unit 2 – The COLOR LINE Homework corrections + Lesson Notes

Session 3 – Revise & We’re AHving a racist moment > be ready for the test on Friday!

TEAMWORK
Unit 2 – THE COLOR LINE

HW Test on Friday Revise on beeoclock.wordpress.com
Be ready for lesson quiz / vocab / 10 + listening comprehension / 10.

a- Answer and present!
b- Take notes!

TEAM 1- Abolition of Slavery?
Slavery was abolished in 1865.
Slavery is when people are forced to work for no money / for free / without a salary.
TEAM 2- Segregation in the US?
Segregation started in 1896 and  ended in the 1950s – 1960s with the Brown vs Board of Education Supreme Court decision and the Civil Rights Act in 1964.
Segregation is the racial separation of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.
TEAM 3- Rosa Parks?
She refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955. She became an icon of the Civil Rights Movement.
It happened in the afternoon of the 1st of December 1955.
TEAM 4- Martin Luther King ?
He fought for equal rights between Black and White people, he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and delivered a famous speech called ‘I have a dream’ speech in 1963. He was assassinated in 1968.
1955 Boycott 1963 Speech 1968 assassination
TEAM 5- Malcolm X
He was a radical activist who fought against segregation in the US.
He delivered speeches in the 1950s and 1960s and was assassinated in 1965.
TEAM 6- Obama?
He is the current President of the US.
He was first mixed-race president of the US elected in 2008 and reelected in 2012. He is a member of the Democratic party.

  • KEY VOCABULARY!
    to give up a seat to so. : laisse sa place à qq’un

She gave up her seat to a white passenger.

  • to give up Ving / sthg / on so. : arrêter de faire qqchose / laisser tomber qqchose / baisser les bras

He gave up studying / He gave up his studies. / He gave up on me.

  • current : actuel (Warning!# actual: le vrai)

Obama is the current US President.

  • daily life: vie quotidienne
  • to deliver a speech: faire un discours

Martin Luther King delivered the ‘I Have A Dream’ speech in 1963 in Washington.

  • to be elected / reelected: être élu / réélu

Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin by federal and state governments as well as some public places.

  • against: contre
  • to allow so. to do sthg: permettre à qq’un de faire qqchose
  • to be allowed: être autorisé
  • to prohibit sthg: interdire qqch
  • to forbid so. to do sthg: interdire à qqun de faire qqchose
  • to be forbidden / prohibited: être interdit de faire qqch
  • Smoking at school is forbidden ./ Smoking is prohibited in shopping centers.
  • fight > past : fought
  • lead > past: led

UNIT 2 – THE COLOR LINE
Listening Comprehension

LOOK AT THE IMAGE AND GUESS! What do you expect?

I think … Maybe … I suppose…

I think this video ios about Oprah Winfrey. I guess she is interviewed by Larry King. She is a famous TV presenter / hostess. She hosts a Reality Talk Show which is controversial sometimes.

I suppose she was the victim of a racist comment and tells about it.

She is called the”Queen of All Media”, she is the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history,and is North America’s only black billionaire.

Listen and react!

1- Watch the video and create 2 questions.
TEAM 1-
a- What is the type / nature of this document ?
b- Who is speaking ?
TEAM 2-
a- What is she speaking about? What is this doc about ?
b- How many anecdotes does she tell about ?
TEAM 3-
a- When DID it happen ?
b- Where did it happen ?
TEAM 4-
a- What did she see ?
b- How did people react ?
TEAM 5-
a- What did she decide to do ?
b- Why did she do that ?

TEAM 6-
a- What did they see ?
b- What did they realize ?
2- Watch again and take notes.

3- Ask the opposite team your question.

4- Listen, take notes and recap’ !

Session 2 – Mix & Match + A Woman who made History Listening Comprehension

Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.20.35 Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.20.21 Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.21.35Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.21.02  Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.20.48

Screen Shot 2014-11-14 at 19.21.48

Listen from 0’53 to 2’18

WHAT CHOICE? She decided not to stand up / she refused to give up her seat / she opposed segregation laws on buses.

WHEN? In the afternoon of December 1st, 1955. / On the first of December 1955, in the afternoon, on her way home / back from work.

WHERE? On the bus in Montgomery, Alambam, in the South of America / in Southern America

WHAT HAPPENED THEN?
TO HER?

She was arrested / trialled / fined and found guilty. > passive voice.

She was taken to court, she had to pay 15dollars.

a trial : un procès

a fine: une amende

to be trialled: passer devant les tribunaux

to be fined: être redevable d’une amende

to be found guilty: être déclaré coupable
FOR HER?

HOW MANY PEOPLE?

FOR HOW LONG?

LEADER?

Thousands of people demonstrated / boycotted the bus system for 381 days. The boycott was led by Martin Luther King Junior who was 26.

WHAT WAS SHE PREPARED TO DO?

She was prepared / ready to sacrifice everything, even her life.

Lesson Notes

Session 1 – What’s a hero?

Unit 2 – THE COLOR LINE

Notion : Myths and Heroes

What’s a hero?

A hero can be both fictional and real. Fictional heroes are created by people’s feelings or the media. They are part of the popular culture like superheroes. They are role models or icons.

Real heroes can be ordinary or historical people who changed history and upset the way we think.

For me a hero is someone who saves people’s lives like firefighters or doctors. He / she risks his / her life. He or She is very courageous and powerful. He or she changes how we think, challenges laws and history. A hero is a do-gooder who protects citizens. He or she never gives up. He or she stands for strong values and inspire admiration and respect.

For example Martin Luther King is a historical hero because he fought for equal rights for Black people and he was peaceful.

In the past, Slaves worked for no money, they worked for free. (gratuitement)

On this picture, we can see slaves.

In the past, slaves were in chains.

They were considered as property or animals.

They didn’t have any rights.

Martin Luther King is delivering a speech, he is standing up for the end of segregation in the 1960s.