Kerouac’s readings & BeAt music

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beat-music.pdf

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The Roots of Hip Hop Teamwork!

Negro spirituals / Jazz / Spoken word at the origin of Hip Hop!

African music > used by the slaves during slavery (abolished in 1865)

no instruments except body ( clapping / tapping voice) / coded languages > outlawed / hidden / camouflage

Just like hip hop, coded languages and the ‘underground’ or subversive dimension is important.  > self-expression / rebellion

  • Spoken word

protest songs / today’s slam / drums / vocals

Gil Scott Heron = 1 of the 1st spoken word artists / during 1960s / 70s iin the US Civil Rights Movements > Self-expression / free speech + political statement” Be Black and Be Proud”

Explicit / Powerful lyrics

2 famous songs criticizing “White ” supremacy

The Revolution Will Be televised + Whiteys on the Moon

Vocab : Brass instruments (les cuivres) trumpets / saxophone / double bass

  • Jazz

Continue reading

FASHIONISTAS From Soul to Ska

FashionistasScreen Shot 2015-03-29 at 09.21.29 Final project: interactive fashion and music show & tell 1 student : 1 fashion style and/or 1 music style 1 oral presentation with playlist / poster.

1- Name 1 style / music genre /icon? Explain the main features. Do you know where it came from?

2- Do you know what soul is?

Watch Soul Britannia to find out!

Video study! Timings

00’24 – 1’06 / 1’48 – 2’26 / 2’50 – 3’43 / 12’38 – 13’38 / 14’08 – 15’17 / 15’17- 18’20

Each team write down key words / discuss. Tell what they understand 1 student : 1 sentence.

Focus on: Who? What about? Where?  When ? Why? Reactions / feelings?

Team 1- What is soul? What’s a ‘classic sould voice’?

Team 2- 2 white British singers react to soul.

Team 3- Carribean immigrants and social changes.

Team 4- White teenagers and race riots.

Team 5- My grand father was a slave.

HW 1S finish Team 4 and 5 > be able to recap’ on video.

HW 1ES 1 – Doc Make Sense 2 .

Say what you have understood about:

– the piture they draw of British society just after World War 2 (quelle image de l’Angeleterre après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale est montrée?)

– the part played by music in changing the social fabric of Britain (dans quelle mesure la musique contribue à changer le tissu social de l’Angleterre?)

– where this music comes from? (d’où vient cette musique? 2 endroits)

Lesson notes 1ES1

1- Name 1 style / music genre /icon? Explain the main features. Do you know where it came from?

  • Reggae > Jamaica / West Indies / Carribean Islands

  • Funk / Disco RnB Hip Hop Rap > rythm / spoken words / offensive language / baggy trousers

  • Rock Indie Rock Heavy Metal > long hair / dark make up / electric guitars

  • Jazz > suits / saxophones

  • Soul Black voices > afro haircut / moving songs

  • Electronic > skinny jeans / coloured hair / excentric glasses

  • classical music

2- Do you know what soul is?

Watch Soul Britannia to find out!

Video study!

Timings

00’24 – 1’06 + 2’28 – / 1’48 – 2’26 / 2’50 – 3’43 / 12’38 – 13’38 / 14’08 – 15’17 / 15’17- 18’20

Note down key words.

  • Focus on: Who?

Tom Jones / Elton John > British pop stars / on the wane

Mica P. / Beverley Knight > Mixed-race / Second generation Carribean Britsih soul singers.

They express two different sides / faces of Soul

> Black voices influencing White British singers

  • What about?

Soul not just a music genre but also an attitude

soul music makes you feel like dancing

Black soul music inspired British singers

Soul music came to Britain thanks to West Indian / Carribean immigrants from the Barbados / Trinidad / Jamaica.

Social / historical changes thanks to soul music / Carribean immigrants.

  • Where? 

From the Carribean islands to America / Great Britain

Black music records came from Memphis

dance halls / streets / houses in Notting Hill in South West or in Newcastle.

  • When ?

from WW2 / Churchill 1950s-1960s > to 1980s Thatcher = Soul / Reggae / Ska / Punk

Get organized !

Make sense 2 correction

  • the picture they draw of British society just after World War 2 (quelle image de l’Angeleterre après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale est montrée?)

Social & economic crisis caused social tentions / rise of the unemployment rates (montée du taux de chômage) / destroyed cities to rebuild and coal mines (mines de charbon) in Newcastle > dark & tensed atmosphere / poverty and destruction

new British citizens > West Indian immigration from the Carribean Islands ( Jamaica / Barbados …) caused racial tensions in big cities (London, Notting Hill race riots between British White & Carribean / Black people.

The United Kingdom (UK) / Britain / England

  • the part played by music in changing the social fabric of Britain (dans quelle mesure la musique contribue à changer le tissu social de l’Angleterre?)

    Thanks to Soul music / British pop music was renewed / changed

    It helped Black nd White people to live together / social exchanges were helped / created a multicultural society

  • where this music comes from? (d’où vient cette musique? 2 endroits)

    origins of Soul

    – from Gospel & slave songs in the Carribean islands and Southern States of America (New Orleans / Louisiana

    – from the Carribean islands

    – from Jazz music ( Memphis record companies / Harlem underground jazz clubs…

    Context:

  • Jazz / Rhythm n’ Blues ( RnB) forbidden in the US under Segregation so the records were sent to the UK.

  • British people fed up with traditional British ballroom music

  • New British citizens from the Carribeans / ‘rude’ boys fashion and mentalities

Don Lett’s reading comprehension.

Black Teenager in an alien culture

Born in England from Carribean parents / his brother Derrick came later on from Jamaica / he was a ‘rude’ boy / gang member in Jamaica / influenced / introduced Don to sex, drugs and rock n’ roll

>> created a sub-culture

Contrary to their parents who tried to adapt / integrate / become ‘Anglicized’ / more British / to hide their Jamaican roots and identity, Don and Derrick were proud of their Jamaican roots / they boasted their Black identity / showed off their Jamaican origins / they rebelled.

>> inevitable culture clash between teenagers who need their independence / their own style while parents have to feed their family, go to work and adapt to British values.

They didn’t fit in / they struggled.

  • To be fed up with: en avoir assez de

  • To fit in: s’adapter à / not to fit in: faire tâche

  • To struggle to do sthg : galérer à faire qqchose / se débattre avec

  • own: propre ‘own style’ son propre style

  • to be proud of: être fier de

  • roots: racines

  • alien: foreigner (étranger)

  • to show off: revandiquer / crâner

Ska music

  • celebration of freedom from slavery

  • set the dancefloor on fire / huge sound systems / heavy bass line

  • both Black & Whit rebel teenagers identified with Ska

  • alien in Brit culture > paradoc between Black / Carribean rebel ‘rude’ style and strict British values

What makes up a style?

  • Origins / roots / Jamaica

  • rebellion / subversion of moral codes

  • change in fashion / new look

HW Present Soul / Ska & Reggea common points & differences.

Check out videos on blog.

1S

Team 1- What is soul? What’s a ‘classic sould voice’?

Culture / attitude

music genre / that moves you / dates back to 50s in Britain

origins of soul :

_ Gospel / Jazz from America & slave songs

_ Carribean influence from Barbados & Jamaica

not for or by only Black people > also for and by white people

penetrates your soul (âme)

powerful music

Team 2- 2 white British singers react to soul.

Give their opinion / maybe inspired by soul music

Team 3- Carribean immigrants and social changes.

  • Brought new styles./ came from West Indies / Carribean Islands

beautiful black voices and experimentations

  • new British citizens and they played music very loud in their home at night

neighbours complained about the noise / they called the police

  • attracted hate and violence « Blacks go Home »

  • Tensed situation in London, Notting Hill > Notting Hill carnival / 1958 violent riots happened

no dance halls / equipment taken by police / police raids & petrol bombs > race riots in 1960s

  • Opposed to / Whereas in Newcastle > peaceful /

common issues of low salaries & poor conditions.

Team 4- White teenagers and race riots.

In 1958 there were riots at 10 pm in London, in Notting Hill. 5 000 white rioters wanted to kill Black people / West Indian / Caribbean people.

They shouted « Go back to your country ! » and they threw petrol bombs so the houses were on fire.

Carribean house parties with loud music were blamed for the noise.

Team 5- My grand father was a slave.

E. Brudon’s grand father was considered as a slave because he worked in a coal mine and in coal mines miners are covered

in suit / black and when he went to the pub and drank beer his lips were clean so he looked like Black people. (to be drunk : être bourré)

He listened to Gospel music in churches because in Newcastle there were Black churches.

Gospel music is at the orgin of soul music. The British working class had the same issues as Black minorities so in Newcastle there aren’t any tensions at the beginning.

Reading Comprehension – A Black teenager in an alien culture

Don Letts was second generation Jamaican teenager / his brother came from Jamaica after his parents and

his parents were first generation immigrants. ‘not really working out’ ‘ tried to be anglicised’ > parents’ integration was difficult and not successful. Don Letts suffered from racism / he felt ‘alien’ / like a foreigner .

Derrick wanted to be part of British society but he rebelled and had a ‘rude’ lifestyle.

Don and Derrick got on well, Derrick showed Don the ‘delights of life’ / how to have a good time / musical and style / attitude reference for his younger brother. Don & Derrick vs their parents > opposition / confrontation / contrast / gap (fossé)

Derrich was proud of his Jamaicans roots (racines)/ he showed off (crânait) whereas his parents were quiet and tried to look like English / they didn’t fit in. (faisaient tjrs tache)

HW for Wednesday finsish q. 4 – 5 on Black alien / Make sense 1. 3 extracts.