1S5 Get Ready for your Debate!

RULES

  • State your name and who you represent before you speak!

(“Mathieu as John Gaskin, spokesman for the NAACP”)

  • Speak in turns! Don’t interrupt or if you do, do it respectfully!

(“Excuse, can I say a word please?”)

  • Speak English only!

(What’s the English word for? …)

ROLES

Lesley McSpadden ( MB’s mother)

John Gaskin (NAACP Spokesman)

Jonathan Gentry ( Minister of Faith, angry member of the Black community)

Dorian Johnson ( MB’s friend and firsthand eyewitness)

Ricky Stevenson ( Talk show hostess and supporter of Mike Brown)

Jake Tapper (CNN journalist live reporter )

Eric Bollin ( Fox journalist, racist)

KKK anonymous (# Chimpout)

Barack Obama ( tries to calm the situation down and supports Brown’s family)

Pharell Williams ( excessive force but MK should have obeyed the police officer)

To Be Created…

Social Media representative ( defends freedom of speech)

The Grand Jury ( members in favour or against Darren Wilson)

Demonstrator ( peaceful or angry, White or Black)

Michael Brown ( tells his own version)

Journalists (ask ‘booster’ questions’)

DEBATE ISSUES

  • Is Darren Wilson guilty or innocent? Should he be arrested?
  • Was Michael Brown killed because he was Black?
  • Is Michael Brown’s shooting a racist act?
  • Is Ferguson a ‘racial’ event?
  • Is racism still an issue in the US today?

BOOSTER QUESTIONS

  • Was it self-defense?
  • Is Darren Wilson’s reaction justified?
  • Is Darren Wilson a liar? Did he tell the truth?
  • Should Darren Wilson be in jail?
  • Did Michael Brown do something wrong? Is he a criminal?
  • Did he try to take DW’s gun? Was he armed?
  • Why did he shoot him in the head? Why not in the legs or arm?
  • Is Black people’s reaction right? Justified?
  • Is looting right or wrong?

Tricky

  • Was he killed because of what he did or because of what he looked like?
  • Can we prevent racial profiling in police work?
  • If Darren Wilson is murderer, why didn’t the Grand Jury indict him?
  • How can Darren Wilson be considered innocent?
  • Would you have killed Michael Brown if you had been Darren Wilson?
  • If Darren Wilson was Black, would Michael Brown still be alive?

Tricky & Off-topic

  • Should heavy weapons be allowed for policemen?
  • Should citizens be allowed to carry guns?
  • Is Ferguson a dangerous city?
  • Did the media focus on the violent reactions to fuel the controversy?
  • Can we allow racial profiling in police work?

ARGUMENT NOTES

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1S5 Ferguson tensions / reactions + revisions

Screen Shot 2014-12-08 at 19.31.34Screen Shot 2014-12-08 at 19.32.51MIND MAPS groupwork Wednesday, December 3rd

2014-12-04 21.57.35CCL: It’s hard not to have an opinion on this event. Even the TV news channels which are supposed dto be unbiased / neutral end up voicing their opinions.

Also, social media are hiding behind the fact that they stand for free speech to allow racist comments to spread on their forums and platforms. This is really shocking / horrendous. It highlights the fact that racism is still rampant in the US today.

Racial tensions in America today remind us of past events, they echo tragic events and segregation. It’s as if the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks … didn’t exist. 

Revise:

Passive voice

UNIT 2 – FULL DOCS : LESSON NOTES

EX of REVISONS MEMO

Rosa Parks (RP) > in 1955 / refused to give up her seat > was arrested

> started the MontGomery Bus Boycott / led by MLK (26 y o)

Claudette Colvin ? > same as RP / she refused to give up her seat

BUT B4 RP & not famous Bcoz > teenager & bad reputa° (pregnant) / bad image for NAACP activist group in civil rights movement (created by MLK & Black lobby 2day)

LITTLE ROCk 9

1957

after school segrega° ended in 1954 (Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court Ruling)

9 studts allowed in white-only school.

> demonstrations / white racist violence

heroes / heroines

  • desegrega° bus / schools was a slow / complicated process
  • famous heroes like MLK / Rosa Parks were not alone /

    ‘footsoldiers’ of the civil rights movement (Claudette Colvin, Carlotta, Elizabeth…)

  • kids & women ‘unsung’ ‘unexpected’ heroes

TODAY

Michael Brown vs Wilson > tensions in Ferguson

< Echo from the past / segregation / racism still exists / racial profiling by white police forces same as national guard vs. Claudette Colvin in 1957.

DATES & CONTEXT

1865- Lincoln abolished slavery

1896 – Plessy Vs Ferguson = ‘Separate but Equal’ concept / segregation is legal

1950s – 1960s = Civil Rights Movement (Mvt pr obten° droits civiques (vote, equal pay, equal educa°) / fin discriminations raciales)

1954 – Brown Vs Board of Education = End of segregation in schools.

1964 – Civil Rights Act/ End of Civil Rights movement

STUDY QUESTIONS

> Mexico 68 > Black Power demonstration / symbols and reactions. / iconic protests signs

> We always speak about MLK / Rosa Parks but were they alone? Role of Claudette Colvin / Elizabeth Eckford / kids & women in Civil Rights Movement

> The End of Segregation in school is official since 1954 but what happens in former white-only schools for Black people? Little Rock 9

> Tensions in Ferguson today > sparks nationwide concern for racial discriminations in the US today / is racism replacing segregation?

CCL

Carlotta Wallis, Elizabeth Eckford, Claudette Colvin are ‘unexpected‘ heroines because they were teenagers, girls and Black so they were strong minded and very brave but they are not remembered by history books, they are not as famous as Martin Luther King or Rosa Parks, they are ‘unsung’ (‘ne sont pas louées, célébrées, chantées.) Yet (pourtant) they set the example for Black generations, they were the foot soldiers of the bus boycott and they have to be remembered! The battle for school integration and desegregation was a very slow, difficult and complicated process. Mentalities didn’t change as fast as the laws. The situation for Black people didn’t change overnight. This event is important because the national guard was present and it echoes racial tensions happening today in Ferguson.

BAC NOTIONS

Myths and Heroes

Carlotta and Elizabeth didn’t plan their actions, they are both ‘unexpected’ heroines because they are ordinary school girls but their acts of defiance shows bravery and courage. So they are role models and they illustrate the heroic role of kids and women in the fight for equal rights.

The Idea of Progress

The Little Rock Nine story also shows how slow social progress can be. Even if laws were changed (1954 end of school segregation), people still had to fight for their rights and for mentalities to change.

Places and Forms of Power

The determination and courage of a group of teenagers challenged the established order of a white-only school. It shows that kids and women can win the fight for equality. Individuals, ordinary citizens can be more powerful than local guards and authorities.

 

This is really shocking / horrendous. It highlights the fact that racism is still rampant in the US today.

1ES1 Tensions in Ferguson Video study + reactions mind map

Tensions in Ferguson

Get ready for DEBATE

2014-12-06 19.25.01HW

Study and find arguments!

You can turn the subtitles on but there are mistakes sometimes so be careful!

Screen Shot 2014-12-06 at 19.33.11

Barack Obama

Théo / Morgan / SImon

The Grand Jury

Yohann – Alexia

Michael Brown > Check the eye-witness testimonies and imagine how he must have felt! use your imagination!

Anne Claire – Jules

THE BROWN FAMILY

Marie Médinay / Jeanne / Manon D.

FERGUSON POLICE

Pierre – Thomas – Raphaël – Mathias

DEMONSTRATORS

Mathilde – Camille – Océane – Laurie

NAACP Black lobby

Liza – Théo R.

KKK

Adrien – Daniel – Léa B. – Nolan

DARREN WILSON

Kevin – Regina

POLICE FORCES

Alexandre – Samantha

http://www.theblaze.com/contributions/i-stand-with-police-officer-darren-wilson-2/

SOCIAL MEDIA

http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/11/24/twitter-reactions-to-the-ferguson-grand-jury-decision

http://www.vocativ.com/usa/us-politics/ferguson-riots-racist-hashtag/

TV NEWS CHANNELS

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2014/08/19/jake_tapper_nothing_is_going_on_that_merits_this_scene_out_of_bagram.html

1S5 November 26th THE COLOR LINE : TENSIONS IN FERGUSON

RACIAL TENSIONS IN FERGUSON THIS WEEK!

On Monday this week in the US, In Ferguson, Missouri there were demonstrations / people demonstrated because they were angry at the Grand Jury’s decision. The police officer who killed / shot a black teenager in August wasn’t indicted / charged / trialled / or found guilty.

The Black community in Ferguson needs more details / answers and justice for Michael Brown. They want Darren Wilson to be trialled / tried  so he can proove his guilt or innocence. Some people think a racist white police officer killed an innocent Black teenager so he should be arrested / trialled /  tried  / found guilty. They want Darren Wilson to be arrested because he killed Michael Brown.

But the Grand Jury decided not to indict him / he wasn’t indicted / charged with murder. There wasn’t enough evidence to open a trial case. The investigation was supervised by the prosecutor.

an investigation: une enquête

to be trialled / tried: comparaître devant les juges.

Screen Shot 2014-11-29 at 13.57.55Screen Shot 2014-11-29 at 13.59.58

HW – Due on Monday –  20141121_193013Little Rock 9 Crisis Q 1 to 3 /

HW – Due on Wednesday – Tensions in Ferguson Q 1 to 5

Screen Shot 2014-11-29 at 13.41.21

1L TENSIONS IN FERGUSON Session 1 & 2

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WHAT DO YOU EXPECT?

I guess…

Maybe …

I suppose …

Watch the video!

1- What strikes you the most? Event / Image / Person? Why?

2- What key events are covered?

3- Which news is the most important? Why?

4- Does is correspond to the first images shown?

5- What do you think the following words mean? Explain with images and words!

looting

grand jury

not indicted

6- How many points of view are expressed? Explain. 

Screen Shot 2014-11-25 at 22.25.29Screen Shot 2014-11-25 at 22.25.21Screen Shot 2014-11-25 at 21.59.52Screen Shot 2014-11-25 at 22.25.50

HW

CO – TENSIONS IN FERGUSON AS THE GRAND JURY DECIDES NOT TO INDICT* DARREN WILSON FOR THE SHOOTING OF MICHAEL BROWN

WATCH THE FOLLOWING VIDEOS AND READ THE TRANSCRIPTS.

a- What is Jake Tapper’s job? Which channel does he work for?

b- Where is he? Why?

c- What do you think will happen next?

d- What’s his opinion of the situation? Is he biased?

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2014/08/19/jake_tapper_nothing_is_going_on_that_merits_this_scene_out_of_bagram.html

  • to indict so. : mettre qq’un en examen

  • an indictment : une mise en examen

  • biased: subjectif

Transcript: CNN’s Jake Tapper

I want to show you this, okay? To give you an idea of what’s going on. The protesters have moved all the way down there… they’re all the way down there. Nobody is threatening anything. Nobody is doing anything. None of the stores here that I can see are being looted*. There is no violence.

Now I want you to look at what is going on in Ferguson, Missouri, in downtown America, okay? These are armed police, with — not machine guns — semi-automatic rifles, with batons, with shields, many of them dressed for combat. Now why they’re doing this? I don’t know. Because there is no threat going on here. None that merits this. There is none, okay? Absolutely there have been looters*, absolutely over the last nine days there’s been violence, but there is nothing going on on this street right now that merits this scene out of Bagram. Nothing. So if people wonder why the people of Ferguson, Missouri are so upset*, this is part of the reason. What is this? This doesn’t make any sense.

* to loot: vandaliser

* looters : vandales

* upset: troubled

a- What is the source of this video? What sources are used in this video? Are they reliable?

b- Who is Darren Wilson? Do you think he is guilty?

c- What is he explaining? How does he portray Michael Brown?

d- Did you opinion of Darren Wilson and Michael Brown change after watching this video? Why?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BGANaLWaWQo

Transcript:

You’re gonna hear Darren Wilson’s testimony* as he gave it to the FBI agents for the first time. Alright, let’s begin and it starts with the /an FBI agent and he says : “how is he assaulting* you?” and then Darren Wilson says “ the first time he had struck* me somewhere in this area but it was like a glancing blow cause I was able to defend a little bit hum… after that he / I was doing just a scrambling trying to get his arms out of my face and him from grabbing me and everything else. I thought I was already compromised enough. I drew my firearm, I pointed at him STOP I’m going to shoot you is what I ordered him to get on the ground. He said “you too…” we gonna redact that and we’re gonna go on when he says “He grabbed my gun, he twisted it, pointed it at me into my hip and my pelvic area.”

This is the moment when officer Wilson says he gets out of the car. He’s telling the FBI “I exited, I followed him in that direction” and that would be away from the car “after I said to the radio ‘shots fired, send more car’. I was yelling at him to stop and get on the ground “ and now keep in mind he has already said he has already shot. These are now more shots to come. He kept running and then eventually he stopped in this area, somewhere, when he stopped he turned looked at me, made like a groining noise and had a most intense aggressive face I’ve seen on a person.”

* testimony : témoignage

* to assault: attaquer

* to strike (past – struck): frapper / cogner

LESSON  NOTES

Session 1 – Wednesday, Novembre 26th.

2014-11-26 09.08.58

2014-11-28 10.16.34Clara as the prosecutor / Lauriane as Michael Brown / Inès as an angry demonstrator / Laurine as a peaceful demonstrator / Anaïs as Darren Wilson / Julia as a racist supporter / Sophie as a journalist / Eireann as a spokewoman for a Human Rights association. / Mélanie as Barack Obama

2014-11-28 09.52.26 2014-11-28 09.52.142014-11-28 10.16.34