- Fiction: stories that come from the author’s imagination.
- Historical Fiction: based on a person or event from history.
- Science Fiction: dealing with aliens, the distant future, or advanced technology.
- Fantasy: containing monsters, magic, or other supernatural elements.
- Realistic Fiction: a story that could have happened, but didn’t.
- Nonfiction: writing that is true or factual.
- Informational Writing: provides information on a topic.
- Persuasive Writing: attempts to influence the reader.
- Autobiography: the story of one’s life told by oneself.
- Biography: the story of one’s life told by another.
- Drama: writing that is meant to be acted on a stage (a play).
- Comedy: has a happy ending.
- Tragedy: ends in death and sadness.
- Poetry: writing that is concerned with the beauty of language
- Folklore: stories handed down through speech from generation to generation.
- Fairy Tale: a story with magic, monsters, and/or talking animals (like fiction / fantasy, but part of the oral tradition).
- Fable: a very short story that has a moral or life lesson; usually has talking animals as main characters.
- Myth: has gods or goddesses and often accounts for how something came to be.
- Legend: an exaggerated story about something that may have been real at one time.
- Tall Tale: stories set in the Wild West; the main character’s strengths, skills, or size have been exaggerated and the tone is funny.