Negro spirituals / Jazz / Spoken word at the origin of Hip Hop!
African music > used by the slaves during slavery (abolished in 1865)
no instruments except body ( clapping / tapping voice) / coded languages > outlawed / hidden / camouflage
Just like hip hop, coded languages and the ‘underground’ or subversive dimension is important. > self-expression / rebellion
- Spoken word
protest songs / today’s slam / drums / vocals
Gil Scott Heron = 1 of the 1st spoken word artists / during 1960s / 70s iin the US Civil Rights Movements > Self-expression / free speech + political statement” Be Black and Be Proud”
Explicit / Powerful lyrics
2 famous songs criticizing “White ” supremacy
The Revolution Will Be televised + Whiteys on the Moon
Vocab : Brass instruments (les cuivres) trumpets / saxophone / double bass
comes from America ( New Orleans)
in the 1920S > Prohibition / Segregation > UNderground clubs and “Speakeasies”
Jazz > Blues + Negro Spirituals
Brass instruments (les cuivres) trumpets / saxophone / double bass / piano
singing / vocals
Improvisation / Free style / it was outlawed and under segregation > way to feel free
>> All 3 styles emerged from African American or Carribean people> as a way to express their voice and their identity.
>> Hip Hop is rooted in these styles
The ancestors of HipHop are Jazz, Negro Spirituals and Spoken Word
These styles are all related because of improvisation techniques. They all come from America but were created by African Americans / Carribeans. All artists are expressing themselves against slavery and then segregation and today against racism.Thanks to Hip Hop artists can express their identity. But their message didn’t always appeal to the government and because of their explicit lyrics some artists are outlaws and can’t express themselves legally.
“Hip Hop didn’t invent anything, it reinvented everything.” Inès disagrees / doesn’t agree because Hip Hop is a mix of a lot of genres thanks to mixing techniques such as scratching, crossfading, sampling on turntables so the music is not original / authentic. But / On the other hand, Julie agrees because it’s reinvention because it changes the original music by cuting some chunks / parts and reassembling everything, it creates a sound in its own way with its own identity.
They just need to remember to pay the copyrights!
1L class edited by Miss E.
ghetto blaster // attitude / lyrics // African American ²
He may talk about African culture / influence on Hip Hop / his music / from musical genre to cultural ‘revolution’ / movement.
Audio document KEFP Bombaataa creates Cultures
– About Bombaataa
teenager in the streets of South Bronx / part of a community / tries to prevent gang violence
he graduated / he travelled to Afrika and came back a new man / started the Zulu Nation
– About Zulu Nation
positive / hopeful / peaceful > community power source
Peace Love UNity and Have Fun > motto (leur devise) / organize Block parties and nigh clubs sets. Bombaatas used to DJ. He tried to influence young people so they prefered to go to his parties instead of fighting . hanging out in the streets and dealing / gang turfs ( guerres de gang) / leave their colors at home
– About The Bronx & clubs
1st Hip Hop DJ in downtown in Manhattan : went crazy / they really liked it > they actually went to the uptown Bronx
– About people’s reactions (media / punk rockers)
people were crazy the music / media was nervous / scared of racial tensions / war zone
punk rockers like it > no violence
– About his music style
‘electric funk’ mix Kraftwerk + James Brown