TSTMG Nov 28th UNit 2 – The COLOR LINE – “One of the LIttle Rock Looks Back” + Little Rock 9 crisis intro


Due on Tuesday, December 2nd.

HW – Prepare questions 1 & 2 on the text.

Monday 2.30 pm Room A 209 Thomas Ryan Alexandre Maxime Mohammed

20141121_193013

THE LITTLE ROCK 9 CRISIS

TEXT STUDY

Context : 1957 = 92 years after the bolition of slavery: 1865 // 3 years after end of school segregation (1954)

Character: Carlotta > yound African American girl/ another one of the Little Rock Nine like Elizabeth.

Where: Little Rock / Arkansas

What : she decided to go to Little Rock Centra High School – a former white-only school.

When exactly : she decided in Spring 57 (Printemps 1957)  to go to Central High School in Fall (automne 1957)

Her teacher gave her the idea / this high school offered top-quality education. / she didn’t say anything to her parents.

Listening Comprehension

ONE OF THE LITTLE ROCK NINE LOOKS BACK

KEY FACTS :

Team 1 – WHO ? WHAT ? WHERE? WHEN? TYPE OF DOC?

DETAILS

Team 2 – About ELizabeth

Team 3 – About the context

Team 4 – Why is it important today?

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14091050

Screen Shot 2014-11-16 at 21.48.53

In 1957, Elizabeth Eckford and 8 other students tried to integrate a former white-only school in Little Rock, Arkansas.

The 9 African American students are now called ‘the Little Rock Nine’.

It happened 3 years after the ruling Brown vs Board of Education ended school segregation in 1954. It allowed Black students in white schools.

The 9 students were supposed to come together as a group. There was confusion and Elizabeth didn’t get the message.  So she took a city bus by herself.

But Elizabeth was turned away by the guard, she couldn’t enter the school. She was followed by angry demonstrators.

This event is important today because segregation in school is not over, there are still discriminations and racism. The recent shootings of Black teenagers by white police officers (Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown) are hitting the headlines / in the news.

to happen: se passer

to allow: autoriser

by herself: toute seule / de son côté

a shooting: meurtre par balle

to hit the headlines: faire la une

Passive voice / voix passive :

Ex. to be turned away / stopped by …

Ex. to be followed by : être suivie par

En 1957, E. E. et 8 autres étudiants Africain Américains ont essayé d’aller à l’école de Little Rock qui était une école ‘blanche’ pendant la ségrégation dans la ville de Little Rock dans l’Arkansas. Ces 9 étudiants sont connus aujourd’hui sous le nom des ‘9’ de Little Rock. Cet évènement a eu lieu 3 ans après la décision de la Court Suprême dans le dossier Brown contre le conseil d’éducation qui a mis fin à la ségrégation dans les écoles aux Etats Unis. cette décision autorisait les élèves noirs à aller à l’école avec les blancs.

TRANSCRIPT

bold = A2 – B1

green =  B1-B2

ROBERT SMITH, host:

Now a first day of school story like no other. It’s part of our series on the battle over desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas. Fifty years ago today, nine black students tried to attend Little Rock’s all-white Central High School. What happened there changed the country.

Here is DAY TO DAY’s Alex Chadwick with the story of one of those children and her back to school nightmare.

ALEX CHADWICK: Labor Day evening 50 years ago, the governor of Arkansas asks for emergency TV and radio time to speak to the state.

(Soundbite of recording) Governor ORVAL FAUBUS (Democrat, Arkansas): Units of the Nation Guard have been and are now being mobilized with the mission to maintain or restore the peace and good order of this community.

CHADWICK: The guard was there to prevent violence, Orval Faubus said. No, said others, he was making things worse, his emergency.

The Little Rock School Board was allowing nine black students to attend the previously all-white high school. And on that first day, September 4th, the nine were supposed to meet to go together as group to school. But in that morning there was confusion, and one of them took a city bus to the school by herself.

Ms. ELIZABETH ECKFORD (Little Rock Nine): I’m Elizabeth Eckford. I’m 65 years old now. Fifty years ago I was part of a picture that has become iconic when I attempted to enter Little Rock Central High School and I was turned away by the Arkansas National Guard and subsequently followed by angry demonstrators.

(Soundbite of crowd)

BAC transcript example:

Ce document est un extrait d’une émission radio pour les 50 ans de l’évènement de Little Rock, elle fait partie d’une séries d’émissions sur le combat pour la ‘dé-ségrégation’. Cet évènement a changé le pays. C’est une histoire de rentrée des classes pas comme les autres. Alex raconte l’histoire du cauchemar d’une de ces élèves.

Il y a 50 ans le gouverneur d’Arkansas lance un appel à la radio et à la télévision pour demander la protection de la garde nationale à Little Rock dans un effort de paix et pour garantir le bon ordre dans sa communauté.

Le gouverneur explique que la garde nationale devait prévenir des actes de violence, des commentateurs eux, pensent qu’il n’a fait qu’aggraver les choses en créant un sentiment d’urgence / de panique.

Les 9 été censés aller à l’école pour le premier jour en groupe, tous ensemble cependant dans la confusion, E. n’a pas reçu le message et a pris le bus seule.

On entend le témoignage d’Elizabeth qui a 65 ans aujourd’hui, elle dit qu’elle fait partie d’une image devenue une icône / un symbole. Elle a essayé d’aller à l’école de Little Rock. Elle est émue, elle raconte qu’elle s’est retrouvée bloquée par la garde nationale et n’a pas pu rentrer, des manifestants blancs en colères l’ont suivie.

Copyright ©2007 NPR.

REMINDER

TEST CORRECTIONS

  • Black people were separated from White people during segregation.
  • There were different rules for Black people.
  • In his speech he fought for the aboltion of segregation.
  • He helped many people and he fought (against) segregation.
  • This poster forbade Black people to drink with white people.
  • Rosa Parks is a black woman who refused to give up her seat to a white man on the bus.
  • She was found guilty.
  • She became an example for us.
  • A thousand people / Thousands of people boycotted the bus for 381 days.
  • My favourite image is the one which shows Martin Luther King because it symbolizes the fight against racial segregation.
  • The fought (against) segregation.
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