Tutoring Session 2
Present perfect = auxiliary have / has + past participle (irr / rég.)
> to express a link between past and present (consequence, impact, past experience…).
Ex- My father has chosen a beautiful jacket for me.
* 2 ways to say ‘depuis’ : since / for ? *
We use SINCE for starting points.
We use FOR for durations.
Ex- She has been* a teacher since 1995.
They have lived abroad* for 5 years.
I have known* him for six months.
They have been married* for 2 years.
He has had* this car since last September.
* 2 ways to say ‘déjà’ : ever / already ?*
Ever is for interrogations / ?
Already is for affirmations. / .
*encore = yet
*abroad= à l’étranger
Ex- I haven’t read this book yet.
He has already eaten snails. > déjà
She has just won a cup. > vient juste de
He has been a teacher for 2 years. > duration
You have never met any movie stars. > jamais
- Jason has traveled all over world. (expérience passé, indéfinie dc present perfect)
- He has visited a lot of Eu countries. (expérience passée indéfinie dc present perfect)
- He has been to Greece. (ex passée > indéfinie dc present perfect)
- He went there 2 years ago. (il y a 2 ans, dc date précise dc prétérite)
- He visited Spain last year. (precise date dc prétérite))
- He has gone to Finland. (past experience, il est toujours pas revenu)
Warning! : 1 tps composé en anglais (present perfect) = 1 tps simple en français (présent)
Ex- I have been a tecaher for 10 years. = Je suis prof depuis 10 ans.
Warning!: 1 tps simple en anglais (preterite) = 1 tps composé en français (le passé composé)
EX. Guillaume broke his arm = G. s’est cassé le bras.
Preterit / simple past = passé composé
has worked = présent
HW- Complete the following Grammar Memo.
PDF file Grammar memo
openoffice file Grammar mémo